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MSCI Reports Financial Results for Third Quarter and Nine Months 2022

Oct 25, 2022 at 6:45 AM EDT

NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Oct. 25, 2022-- MSCI Inc. (“MSCI” or the “Company”) (NYSE: MSCI), a leading provider of critical decision support tools and services for the global investment community, today announced its financial results for the three months ended September 30, 2022 (“third quarter 2022”) and nine months ended September 30, 2022 (“nine months 2022”).

Financial and Operational Highlights for Third Quarter 2022
(Note: Unless otherwise noted, percentage and other changes are relative to the three months ended September 30, 2021 (“third quarter 2021”) and Run Rate percentage changes are relative to September 30, 2021).

  • Operating revenues of $560.6 million, up 8.4%; Organic operating revenue growth of 7.2%
  • Recurring subscription revenues up 17.5%; Asset-based fees down 11.4%
  • Operating margin of 55.2%; Adjusted EBITDA margin of 60.8%
  • Diluted EPS of $2.68, up 32.0%; Adjusted EPS of $2.85, up 12.6%
  • New recurring subscription sales growth of 10.8%; Organic recurring subscription Run Rate growth of 14.2%; Retention Rate of 96.4%
  • In nine months 2022 and through trade date of October 24, 2022, a total of $1.3 billion or 2,729,715 shares were repurchased at an average repurchase price of $470.68
  • Approximately $100.7 million in dividends were paid to shareholders in third quarter 2022; Cash dividend of $1.25 per share declared by MSCI Board of Directors for fourth quarter 2022

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

In thousands,

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

 

except per share data (unaudited)

 

2022

 

2021

 

% Change

 

2022

 

2021

 

% Change

Operating revenues

 

$

560,639

 

 

$

517,099

 

 

8.4

%

 

$

1,672,390

 

 

$

1,493,702

 

 

12.0

%

Operating income

 

$

309,531

 

 

$

280,230

 

 

10.5

%

 

$

898,890

 

 

$

792,138

 

 

13.5

%

Operating margin %

 

 

55.2

%

 

 

54.2

%

 

 

 

 

53.7

%

 

 

53.0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

216,592

 

 

$

169,876

 

 

27.5

%

 

$

655,602

 

 

$

532,118

 

 

23.2

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted EPS

 

$

2.68

 

 

$

2.03

 

 

32.0

%

 

$

8.05

 

 

$

6.38

 

 

26.2

%

Adjusted EPS

 

$

2.85

 

 

$

2.53

 

 

12.6

%

 

$

8.61

 

 

$

7.44

 

 

15.7

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

340,961

 

 

$

306,595

 

 

11.2

%

 

$

990,649

 

 

$

878,130

 

 

12.8

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin %

 

 

60.8

%

 

 

59.3

%

 

 

 

 

59.2

%

 

 

58.8

%

 

 

“In the face of significant market turmoil, MSCI once again delivered strong results, including our best third quarter ever of recurring net new sales. Among other achievements, we posted our highest Index subscription run rate growth in a decade at 12.6%, grew our Climate business subscription run rate by 86.0% and posted our highest Analytics retention rate ever at 95.9%,” said Henry A. Fernandez, Chairman and CEO of MSCI.

“We did this even as global headwinds grew stronger, demonstrating the resilience and adaptability of our all-weather franchise. While the macro environment has created challenges for companies across industries, MSCI continues to benefit from our mission-critical solutions, our diversified client base and our commitment to financial discipline,” added Mr. Fernandez.

 

Third Quarter Consolidated Results

Operating Revenues: Operating revenues were $560.6 million, up 8.4%. Organic operating revenue growth was 7.2%. The $43.5 million increase was the result of $62.6 million in higher recurring subscription revenues offset by a $16.1 million decrease in asset-based fees, and a $3.0 million decrease in non-recurring revenues.

Run Rate and Retention Rate: Total Run Rate at September 30, 2022 was $2,203.3 million, up 5.1%. Recurring subscriptions Run Rate increased by $177.9 million, and asset-based fees Run Rate decreased by $70.8 million. Organic recurring subscriptions Run Rate growth was 14.2%. Retention Rate in third quarter 2022 was 96.4%, compared to 94.5% in third quarter 2021.

Expenses: Total operating expenses were $251.1 million, up 6.0%. Adjusted EBITDA expenses were $219.7 million, up 4.4%, primarily reflecting higher non-compensation costs including in the areas of information technology costs and professional fees. The increase also reflected higher compensation and benefits costs related to continued investments to support growth, including increased headcount in technology, data services and research. Total operating expenses excluding the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations (“ex-FX”) and adjusted EBITDA expenses ex-FX increased 11.5% and 10.3%, respectively.

Headcount: As of September 30, 2022, headcount was 4,767 employees, with approximately 35% and approximately 65% of employees located in developed market and emerging market locations, respectively.

Other Expense (Income), Net: Other expense (income), net was $40.3 million, down 49.3%. The lower net expenses were primarily driven by the absence of debt extinguishment costs in third quarter 2022, as well as higher interest income, partially offset by higher interest expense associated with higher average outstanding debt balances.

Income Taxes: The effective tax rate was 19.5% in third quarter 2022 compared to 15.3% in third quarter 2021. The increase was primarily related to the absence of the impact of significant discrete tax benefits in third quarter 2022, in relation to pretax income, including the tax impact of loss on debt extinguishment recognized in third quarter 2021. In addition, the third quarter of 2021 reflected the tax impact of the settlement of prior year items.

Net Income: As a result of the factors described above, net income was $216.6 million, up 27.5%.

Adjusted EBITDA: Adjusted EBITDA was $341.0 million, up 11.2%. Adjusted EBITDA margin in third quarter 2022 was 60.8%, compared to 59.3% in third quarter 2021.

 

Index Segment:

Table 1A: Results (unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

 

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

% Change

 

2022

 

2021

 

% Change

Operating revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recurring subscriptions

 

$

185,531

 

 

$

165,310

 

 

12.2

%

 

$

539,740

 

 

$

480,488

 

 

12.3

%

Asset-based fees

 

 

125,620

 

 

 

141,745

 

 

(11.4

)%

 

 

402,889

 

 

 

404,593

 

 

(0.4

)%

Non-recurring

 

 

11,089

 

 

 

14,448

 

 

(23.2

)%

 

 

31,319

 

 

 

34,876

 

 

(10.2

)%

Total operating revenues

 

 

322,240

 

 

 

321,503

 

 

0.2

%

 

 

973,948

 

 

 

919,957

 

 

5.9

%

Adjusted EBITDA expenses

 

 

76,273

 

 

 

75,916

 

 

0.5

%

 

 

236,936

 

 

 

221,023

 

 

7.2

%

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

245,967

 

 

$

245,587

 

 

0.2

%

 

$

737,012

 

 

$

698,934

 

 

5.4

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin %

 

 

76.3

%

 

 

76.4

%

 

 

 

 

75.7

%

 

 

76.0

%

 

 

Index operating revenues were $322.2 million, up 0.2%. The $0.7 million increase was driven by $20.2 million in higher recurring subscription revenues offset by $16.1 million in lower asset-based fees and $3.4 million in lower non-recurring revenues.

Growth in recurring subscription revenues was primarily driven by strong growth from both market-cap weighted and factor, ESG and climate Index products.

The decrease in revenues attributable to asset-based fees reflected a decline in revenues from ETFs linked to MSCI equity indexes and non-ETF indexed funds linked to MSCI indexes, driven by a decrease in average AUM and average basis point fees. The decrease in revenues attributable to asset-based fees was partially offset by an increase in revenues from exchange traded futures and options contracts linked to MSCI indexes, driven by volume increases.

Index Run Rate as of September 30, 2022, was $1.2 billion, up 1.1%. The $13.0 million increase was comprised of a $83.8 million increase in recurring subscription Run Rate offset by a $70.8 million decrease in asset-based fees Run Rate. The increase in recurring subscription Run Rate was primarily driven by strong growth from market cap-weighted, factor, ESG and climate, and custom and specialized Index products, and reflected growth across all regions and client segments. The decline in asset-based fees Run Rate primarily reflected lower AUM in ETFs linked to MSCI equity indexes and non-ETF indexed funds linked to MSCI indexes, partially offset by higher exchange traded futures and options volume.

Analytics Segment:

Table 1B: Results (unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

 

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

% Change

 

2022

 

2021

 

% Change

Operating revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recurring subscriptions

 

$

142,751

 

 

$

134,320

 

 

6.3

%

 

$

420,047

 

 

$

399,360

 

 

5.2

%

Non-recurring

 

 

2,164

 

 

 

1,978

 

 

9.4

%

 

 

6,349

 

 

 

6,857

 

 

(7.4

)%

Total operating revenues

 

 

144,915

 

 

 

136,298

 

 

6.3

%

 

 

426,396

 

 

 

406,217

 

 

5.0

%

Adjusted EBITDA expenses

 

 

77,281

 

 

 

86,007

 

 

(10.1

)%

 

 

244,912

 

 

 

260,381

 

 

(5.9

)%

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

67,634

 

 

$

50,291

 

 

34.5

%

 

$

181,484

 

 

$

145,836

 

 

24.4

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin %

 

 

46.7

%

 

 

36.9

%

 

 

 

 

42.6

%

 

 

35.9

%

 

 

Analytics operating revenues were $144.9 million, up 6.3%. The $8.6 million increase was primarily driven by growth from recurring subscriptions related to both Multi-Asset Class and Equity Analytics products. Excluding the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, Analytics operating revenue growth was 7.5%.

Analytics Run Rate as of September 30, 2022, was $597.8 million, up 5.1%. The increase of $28.8 million was driven by growth in both Equity Analytics and Multi-Asset Class products. Excluding the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, Analytics Run Rate growth was 8.1%.

 

ESG and Climate Segment:

Table 1C: Results (unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

 

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

% Change

 

2022

 

2021

 

% Change

Operating revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recurring subscriptions

 

$

56,353

 

 

$

42,592

 

 

32.3

%

 

$

160,962

 

 

$

115,299

 

 

39.6

%

Non-recurring

 

 

1,242

 

 

 

1,099

 

 

13.0

%

 

 

3,790

 

 

 

2,450

 

 

54.7

%

Total operating revenues

 

 

57,595

 

 

 

43,691

 

 

31.8

%

 

 

164,752

 

 

 

117,749

 

 

39.9

%

Adjusted EBITDA expenses

 

 

41,685

 

 

 

33,871

 

 

23.1

%

 

 

122,418

 

 

 

97,164

 

 

26.0

%

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

15,910

 

 

$

9,820

 

 

62.0

%

 

$

42,334

 

 

$

20,585

 

 

105.7

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin %

 

 

27.6

%

 

 

22.5

%

 

 

 

 

25.7

%

 

 

17.5

%

 

 

ESG and Climate operating revenues were $57.6 million, up 31.8%. The $13.9 million increase was primarily driven by strong growth from recurring subscriptions related to Ratings and Climate products. Excluding the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, ESG and Climate operating revenue growth was 46.2%.

ESG and Climate Run Rate as of September 30, 2022, was $237.9 million, up 33.4%. The $59.5 million increase primarily reflects strong growth from Ratings, Climate and Screening products with contributions across all regions. Excluding the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, ESG and Climate Run Rate growth was 41.7%.

All Other – Private Assets Segment:

Table 1D: Results (unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

 

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

% Change

 

2022

 

2021

 

% Change

Operating revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recurring subscriptions

 

$

35,581

 

 

$

15,418

 

 

130.8

%

 

$

106,276

 

 

$

48,355

 

 

119.8

%

Non-recurring

 

 

308

 

 

 

189

 

 

63.0

%

 

 

1,018

 

 

 

1,424

 

 

(28.5

)%

Total operating revenues

 

 

35,889

 

 

 

15,607

 

 

130.0

%

 

 

107,294

 

 

 

49,779

 

 

115.5

%

Adjusted EBITDA expenses

 

 

24,439

 

 

 

14,710

 

 

66.1

%

 

 

77,475

 

 

 

37,004

 

 

109.4

%

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

11,450

 

 

$

897

 

 

n/m

 

 

$

29,819

 

 

$

12,775

 

 

133.4

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin %

 

 

31.9

%

 

 

5.7

%

 

 

 

 

27.8

%

 

 

25.7

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n/m: not meaningful.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All Other – Private Assets operating revenues, which reflects the Real Assets operating segment, were $35.9 million, up 130.0%, primarily driven by revenues attributable to the acquisition of RCA as well as growth in Enterprise Analytics, Global Intel and Climate Value-at-Risk products, partially offset by unfavorable foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Excluding the impact of the acquisition, All Other – Private Assets operating revenues increased 13.9%. All Other – Private Assets organic operating revenues increased by 30.6%.

All Other – Private Assets Run Rate, which reflects the Real Assets operating segment, was $137.4 million as of September 30, 2022, up 4.3%, driven by growth in the RCA business as well as growth in Global Intel, Enterprise Analytics and Climate Value-at-Risk products, partially offset by unfavorable foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Excluding the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, All Other – Private Assets Run Rate growth was 11.9%.

 

Select Balance Sheet Items and Capital Allocation

Cash Balances and Outstanding Debt: Cash and cash equivalents was $867.1 million as of September 30, 2022. The Company maintains its existing revolving credit facility, which was undrawn as of September 30, 2022. MSCI typically seeks to maintain minimum cash balances globally of approximately $225.0 million to $275.0 million for general operating purposes.

Total principal amounts of debt outstanding as of September 30, 2022, were $4.6 billion. The total debt to net income ratio (based on trailing twelve months net income) was 5.3x. The total debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio (based on trailing twelve months adjusted EBITDA) was 3.4x.

MSCI seeks to maintain total debt to adjusted EBITDA in a target range of 3.0x to 3.5x.

Capex and Cash Flow: Capex was $18.0 million, and cash provided by operating activities increased by 49.6% to $323.1 million, primarily reflecting higher cash collections from customers and lower income tax payments, partially offset by cash expenses paid in the quarter. Free cash flow for third quarter 2022 was up 51.7% to $305.1 million.

Share Count and Share Repurchases: Weighted average diluted shares outstanding were 80.9 million in third quarter 2022, down 3.2% year-over-year. Total share repurchases during the quarter were $165.0 million or 382,986 shares at an average repurchase price of $430.94. Total shares outstanding as of September 30, 2022 were 80.1 million. A total of approximately $1.3 billion remains on the outstanding share repurchase authorization as of trade date of October 24, 2022.

Dividends: Approximately $100.7 million in dividends were paid to shareholders in third quarter 2022. On October 24, 2022, the MSCI Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $1.25 per share for fourth quarter 2022, payable on November 30, 2022, to shareholders of record as of the close of trading on November 10, 2022.

 

Full-Year 2022 Guidance

MSCI's guidance for the year ending December 31, 2022 (“Full-Year 2022”) is based on assumptions about a number of macroeconomic and capital market factors, in particular related to equity markets. These assumptions are subject to uncertainty, and actual results for the year could differ materially from our current guidance, including as a result of ongoing uncertainty related to the duration, magnitude and impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic as well as the economic and market impacts of elevated inflation levels and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Guidance Item

Current Guidance for Full-Year 2022

Prior Guidance for Full-Year 2022

Operating Expense

$1,030 to $1,060 million

$1,045 to $1,085 million

Adjusted EBITDA Expense

$910 to $940 million

$940 to $970 million

Interest Expense

(including amortization of financing fees)

~$172 million

~$172 million

Depreciation & Amortization Expense

$110 to $120 million

$105 to $115 million

Effective Tax Rate

16.0% to 17.5%

15.5% to 18.5%

Capital Expenditures

$65 to $75 million

$65 to $75 million

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities

$1,100 to $1,140 million

$1,080 to $1,120 million

Free Cash Flow

$1,025 to $1,075 million

$1,005 to $1,055 million

 

Conference Call Information

MSCI's senior management will review the third quarter 2022 results on Tuesday, October 25, 2022 at 11:00 AM Eastern Time. To listen to the live event via webcast, visit the events and presentations section of MSCI's Investor Relations website, https://ir.msci.com/events-and-presentations or to join via telephone, please register yourself at https://ir.msci.com/events-and-presentations. Upon registration, telephone participants will receive a confirmation email detailing how to join the conference call, including a dial-in number and a unique participant pin that can be used to access the call. The teleconference will also be webcast with an accompanying slide presentation which can be accessed through MSCI's Investor Relations website.

About MSCI Inc.

MSCI is a leading provider of critical decision support tools and services for the global investment community. With over 50 years of expertise in research, data and technology, we power better investment decisions by enabling clients to understand and analyze key drivers of risk and return and confidently build more effective portfolios. We create industry-leading research-enhanced solutions that clients use to gain insight into and improve transparency across the investment process. To learn more, please visit www.msci.com. MSCI#IR

Forward-Looking Statements

This earnings release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including without limitation, MSCI’s full-year 2022 guidance. These forward-looking statements relate to future events or to future financial performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by the use of words such as “may,” “could,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “seek,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential” or “continue,” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements because they involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that are, in some cases, beyond MSCI’s control and that could materially affect actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements.

Other factors that could materially affect actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements can be found in MSCI’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on February 11, 2022 and in quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K filed or furnished with the SEC. If any of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or if MSCI’s underlying assumptions prove to be incorrect, actual results may vary significantly from what MSCI projected. Any forward-looking statement in this earnings release reflects MSCI’s current views with respect to future events and is subject to these and other risks, uncertainties and assumptions relating to MSCI’s operations, results of operations, growth strategy and liquidity. MSCI assumes no obligation to publicly update or revise these forward-looking statements for any reason, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by law.

 

Website and Social Media Disclosure

MSCI uses its website, including its quarterly updates, blog, podcasts and social media channels, including its corporate Twitter account (@MSCI_Inc), as channels of distribution of company information. The information MSCI posts through these channels may be deemed material. Accordingly, investors should monitor these channels, in addition to following MSCI’s press releases, quarterly SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. In addition, you may automatically receive email alerts and other information about MSCI when you enroll your email address by visiting the “Email Alerts Subscription” section of MSCI’s Investor Relations homepage at http://ir.msci.com/email-alerts. The contents of MSCI’s website, including its quarterly updates, blog, podcasts and social media channels are not, however, incorporated by reference into this earnings release.

Notes Regarding the Use of Operating Metrics

MSCI has presented supplemental key operating metrics as part of this earnings release, including Retention Rate, Run Rate, subscription sales, subscription cancellations and non-recurring sales.

Retention Rate is an important metric because subscription cancellations decrease our Run Rate and ultimately our future operating revenues over time. The annual Retention Rate represents the retained subscription Run Rate (subscription Run Rate at the beginning of the fiscal year less actual cancels during the year) as a percentage of the subscription Run Rate at the beginning of the fiscal year.

The Retention Rate for a non-annual period is calculated by annualizing the cancellations for which we have received a notice of termination or for which we believe there is an intention not to renew or discontinue the subscription during the non-annual period, and we believe that such notice or intention evidences the client’s final decision to terminate or not renew the applicable agreement, even though such notice is not effective until a later date. This annualized cancellation figure is then divided by the subscription Run Rate at the beginning of the fiscal year to calculate a cancellation rate. This cancellation rate is then subtracted from 100% to derive the annualized Retention Rate for the period.

Retention Rate is computed by operating segment on a product/service-by-product/service basis. In general, if a client reduces the number of products or services to which it subscribes within a segment, or switches between products or services within a segment, we treat it as a cancellation for purposes of calculating our Retention Rate except in the case of a product or service switch that management considers to be a replacement product or service. In those replacement cases, only the net change to the client subscription, if a decrease, is reported as a cancel. In the Analytics and the ESG and Climate operating segments, substantially all product or service switches are treated as replacement products or services and netted in this manner, while in our Index and Real Assets operating segments, product or service switches that are treated as replacement products or services and receive netting treatment occur only in certain limited instances. In addition, we treat any reduction in fees resulting from a down-sell of the same product or service as a cancellation to the extent of the reduction. We do not calculate Retention Rate for that portion of our Run Rate attributable to assets in index-linked investment products or futures and options contracts, in each case, linked to our indexes.

Run Rate estimates at a particular point in time the annualized value of the recurring revenues under our client license agreements (“Client Contracts”) for the next 12 months, assuming all Client Contracts that come up for renewal, or reach the end of the committed subscription period, are renewed and assuming then-current currency exchange rates, subject to the adjustments and exclusions described below. For any Client Contract where fees are linked to an investment product’s assets or trading volume/fees, the Run Rate calculation reflects, for ETFs, the market value on the last trading day of the period, for futures and options, the most recent quarterly volumes and/or reported exchange fees, and for other non-ETF products, the most recent client-reported assets. Run Rate does not include fees associated with “one-time” and other non-recurring transactions. In addition, we add to Run Rate the annualized fee value of recurring new sales, whether to existing or new clients, when we execute Client Contracts, even though the license start date, and associated revenue recognition, may not be effective until a later date. We remove from Run Rate the annualized fee value associated with products or services under any Client Contract with respect to which we have received a notice of termination, non-renewal or an indication the client does not intend to continue their subscription during the period and have determined that such notice evidences the client’s final decision to terminate or not renew the applicable products or services, even though such notice is not effective until a later date.

 

“Organic subscription Run Rate growth” is defined as the period over period Run Rate growth, excluding the impact of changes in foreign currency and the first year impact of any acquisitions, including the acquisition of RCA completed on September 13, 2021. It is also adjusted for divestitures. Changes in foreign currency are calculated by applying the currency exchange rate from the comparable prior period to current period foreign currency denominated Run Rate.

Sales represents the annualized value of products and services clients commit to purchase from MSCI and will result in additional operating revenues. Non-recurring sales represent the actual value of the customer agreements entered into during the period and are not a component of Run Rate. New recurring subscription sales represent additional selling activities, such as new customer agreements, additions to existing agreements or increases in price that occurred during the period and are additions to Run Rate. Subscription cancellations reflect client activities during the period, such as discontinuing products and services and/or reductions in price, resulting in reductions to Run Rate. Net new recurring subscription sales represent the amount of new recurring subscription sales net of subscription cancellations during the period, which reflects the net impact to Run Rate during the period.

Total gross sales represent the sum of new recurring subscription sales and non-recurring sales. Total net sales represent the total gross sales net of the impact from subscription cancellations.

Notes Regarding the Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

MSCI has presented supplemental non-GAAP financial measures as part of this earnings release. Reconciliations are provided in Tables 9 through 13 below that reconcile each non-GAAP financial measure with the most comparable GAAP measure. The non-GAAP financial measures presented in this earnings release should not be considered as alternative measures for the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures. The non-GAAP financial measures presented in this earnings release are used by management to monitor the financial performance of the business, inform business decision-making and forecast future results.

“Adjusted EBITDA” is defined as net income before (1) provision for income taxes, (2) other expense (income), net, (3) depreciation and amortization of property, equipment and leasehold improvements, (4) amortization of intangible assets and, at times, (5) certain other transactions or adjustments, including, when applicable, impairment related to sublease of leased property and certain non-recurring acquisition-related integration and transaction costs.

“Adjusted EBITDA expenses” is defined as operating expenses less depreciation and amortization of property, equipment and leasehold improvements and amortization of intangible assets and, at times, certain other transactions or adjustments, including, when applicable, impairment related to sublease of leased property and certain non-recurring acquisition-related integration and transaction costs.

“Adjusted net income” and “adjusted EPS” are defined as net income and diluted EPS, respectively, before the after-tax impact of: the amortization of acquired intangible assets, including the amortization of the basis difference between the cost of the equity method investment and MSCI’s share of the net assets of the investee at historical carrying value and, at times, certain other transactions or adjustments, including, when applicable, the impact related to costs associated with debt extinguishment, the impact related to certain non-recurring acquisition-related integration and transaction costs, the impact from impairment related to sublease of leased property and the impact related to gain from changes in ownership interest of equity method investee.

“Capex” is defined as capital expenditures plus capitalized software development costs.

“Free cash flow” is defined as net cash provided by operating activities, less Capex.

“Organic operating revenue growth” is defined as operating revenue growth compared to the prior year period excluding the impact of acquired businesses, divested businesses and foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.

 

Asset-based fees ex-FX does not adjust for the impact from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations on the underlying assets under management (“AUM”).

We believe adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA expenses are meaningful measures of the operating performance of MSCI because they adjust for significant one-time, unusual or non-recurring items as well as eliminate the accounting effects of certain capital spending and acquisitions that do not directly affect what management considers to be our ongoing operating performance in the period.

We believe adjusted net income and adjusted EPS are meaningful measures of the performance of MSCI because they adjust for the after-tax impact of significant one-time, unusual or non-recurring items as well as eliminate the impact of any transactions that do not directly affect what management considers to be our ongoing operating performance in the period. We also exclude the after-tax impact of the amortization of acquired intangible assets and amortization of the basis difference between the cost of the equity method investment and MSCI’s share of the net assets of the investee at historical carrying value, as these non-cash amounts are significantly impacted by the timing and size of each acquisition and therefore not meaningful to the ongoing operating performance in the period.

We believe that free cash flow is useful to investors because it relates the operating cash flow of MSCI to the capital that is spent to continue and improve business operations, such as investment in MSCI’s existing products. Further, free cash flow indicates our ability to strengthen MSCI’s balance sheet, repay our debt obligations, pay cash dividends and repurchase shares of our common stock.

We believe organic operating revenue growth is a meaningful measure of the operating performance of MSCI because it adjusts for the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations and excludes the impact of operating revenues attributable to acquired and divested businesses for the comparable prior year period, providing insight into our ongoing operating performance for the period(s) presented.

We believe that the non-GAAP financial measures presented in this earnings release facilitate meaningful period-to-period comparisons and provide a baseline for the evaluation of future results.

Adjusted EBITDA expenses, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted net income, adjusted EPS, Capex, free cash flow and organic operating revenue growth are not defined in the same manner by all companies and may not be comparable to similarly-titled non-GAAP financial measures of other companies. These measures can differ significantly from company to company depending on, among other things, long-term strategic decisions regarding capital structure, the tax jurisdictions in which companies operate and capital investments. Accordingly, the Company’s computation of these measures may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures computed by other companies.

Notes Regarding Adjusting for the Impact of Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Fluctuations

Foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations reflect the difference between the current period results as reported compared to the current period results recalculated using the foreign currency exchange rates in effect for the comparable prior period. While operating revenues adjusted for the impact of foreign currency fluctuations includes asset-based fees that have been adjusted for the impact of foreign currency fluctuations, the underlying AUM, which is the primary component of asset-based fees, is not adjusted for foreign currency fluctuations. Approximately three-fifths of the AUM is invested in securities denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, and accordingly, any such impact is excluded from the disclosed foreign currency-adjusted variances.

 

Table 2: Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

In thousands, except per share data

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

Operating revenues

 

$

560,639

 

 

$

517,099

 

 

8.4

%

 

$

1,672,390

 

 

$

1,493,702

 

 

12.0

%

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenues (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)

 

 

98,418

 

 

 

89,674

 

 

9.8

%

 

 

301,957

 

 

 

262,781

 

 

14.9

%

Selling and marketing

 

 

65,545

 

 

 

59,819

 

 

9.6

%

 

 

192,671

 

 

 

174,477

 

 

10.4

%

Research and development

 

 

25,941

 

 

 

28,352

 

 

(8.5

)%

 

 

78,179

 

 

 

80,745

 

 

(3.2

)%

General and administrative

 

 

30,702

 

 

 

38,110

 

 

(19.4

)%

 

 

112,993

 

 

 

103,020

 

 

9.7

%

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

23,375

 

 

 

14,105

 

 

65.7

%

 

 

67,274

 

 

 

59,569

 

 

12.9

%

Depreciation and amortization of property, equipment and leasehold improvements

 

 

7,127

 

 

 

6,809

 

 

4.7

%

 

 

20,426

 

 

 

20,972

 

 

(2.6

)%

Total operating expenses(1)

 

 

251,108

 

 

 

236,869

 

 

6.0

%

 

 

773,500

 

 

 

701,564

 

 

10.3

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

 

309,531

 

 

 

280,230

 

 

10.5

%

 

 

898,890

 

 

 

792,138

 

 

13.5

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

(3,938

)

 

 

(396

)

 

n/m

 

 

 

(5,160

)

 

 

(1,129

)

 

n/m

 

Interest expense

 

 

44,162

 

 

 

42,137

 

 

4.8

%

 

 

125,961

 

 

 

119,278

 

 

5.6

%

Other expense (income)

 

 

103

 

 

 

37,839

 

 

(99.7

)%

 

 

(90

)

 

 

61,616

 

 

(100.1

)%

Other expense (income), net

 

 

40,327

 

 

 

79,580

 

 

(49.3

)%

 

 

120,711

 

 

 

179,765

 

 

(32.9

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before provision for income taxes

 

 

269,204

 

 

 

200,650

 

 

34.2

%

 

 

778,179

 

 

 

612,373

 

 

27.1

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for income taxes

 

 

52,612

 

 

 

30,774

 

 

71.0

%

 

 

122,577

 

 

 

80,255

 

 

52.7

%

Net income

 

$

216,592

 

 

$

169,876

 

 

27.5

%

 

$

655,602

 

 

$

532,118

 

 

23.2

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per basic common share

 

$

2.69

 

 

$

2.06

 

 

30.6

%

 

$

8.09

 

 

$

6.45

 

 

25.4

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per diluted common share

 

$

2.68

 

 

$

2.03

 

 

32.0

%

 

$

8.05

 

 

$

6.38

 

 

26.2

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding used in computing earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

80,500

 

 

 

82,470

 

 

(2.4

)%

 

 

81,001

 

 

 

82,521

 

 

(1.8

)%

Diluted

 

 

80,874

 

 

 

83,554

 

 

(3.2

)%

 

 

81,481

 

 

 

83,446

 

 

(2.4

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n/m: not meaningful.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                         

(1) Includes stock-based compensation expense of $12.0 million and $13.7 million for the three months ended Sep. 30, 2022 and Sep. 30, 2021, respectively. Includes stock-based compensation expense of $45.4 million and $46.3 million for the nine months ended Sep. 30, 2022 and Sep. 30, 2021, respectively.

 

Table 3: Selected Balance Sheet Items (unaudited)

 

 

As of

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Dec. 31,

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$867,112

 

$1,421,449

Accounts receivable, net of allowances

 

$525,360

 

$664,511

 

 

 

 

 

Current deferred revenue

 

$735,710

 

$824,912

Current portion of long-term debt (1)

 

$8,711

 

$—

Long-term debt(2)

 

$4,504,291

 

$4,161,422

         

(1) Consists of gross current portion of long-term debt, net of deferred financing fees. Gross current portion of long-term debt was $8.8 million at September 30, 2022.
(2) Consists of gross long-term debt, net of deferred financing fees. Gross long-term debt was $4,541.3 million at September 30, 2022 and $4,200.0 million at December 31, 2021.

Table 4: Selected Cash Flow Items (unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

$

323,069

 

 

$

215,891

 

 

49.6

%

 

$

779,942

 

 

$

656,405

 

 

18.8

%

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(18,000

)

 

 

(963,558

)

 

98.1

%

 

 

(52,413

)

 

 

(985,879

)

 

94.7

%

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

 

 

(269,891

)

 

 

64,391

 

 

n/m

 

 

 

(1,252,827

)

 

 

321,249

 

 

n/m

 

Effect of exchange rate changes

 

 

(10,366

)

 

 

(4,062

)

 

(155.2

)%

 

 

(29,039

)

 

 

(7,632

)

 

(280.5

)%

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

$

24,812

 

 

$

(687,338

)

 

103.6

%

 

$

(554,337

)

 

$

(15,857

)

 

n/m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n/m: not meaningful.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 5: Operating Results by Segment and Revenue Type (unaudited)

Index

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

Operating revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recurring subscriptions

 

$

185,531

 

 

$

165,310

 

 

12.2

%

 

$

539,740

 

 

$

480,488

 

 

12.3

%

Asset-based fees

 

 

125,620

 

 

 

141,745

 

 

(11.4

)%

 

 

402,889

 

 

 

404,593

 

 

(0.4

)%

Non-recurring

 

 

11,089

 

 

 

14,448

 

 

(23.2

)%

 

 

31,319

 

 

 

34,876

 

 

(10.2

)%

Total operating revenues

 

 

322,240

 

 

 

321,503

 

 

0.2

%

 

 

973,948

 

 

 

919,957

 

 

5.9

%

Adjusted EBITDA expenses

 

 

76,273

 

 

 

75,916

 

 

0.5

%

 

 

236,936

 

 

 

221,023

 

 

7.2

%

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

245,967

 

 

$

245,587

 

 

0.2

%

 

$

737,012

 

 

$

698,934

 

 

5.4

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin %

 

 

76.3

%

 

 

76.4

%

 

 

 

 

75.7

%

 

 

76.0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Analytics

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

Operating revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recurring subscriptions

 

$

142,751

 

 

$

134,320

 

 

6.3

%

 

$

420,047

 

 

$

399,360

 

 

5.2

%

Non-recurring

 

 

2,164

 

 

 

1,978

 

 

9.4

%

 

 

6,349

 

 

 

6,857

 

 

(7.4

)%

Total operating revenues

 

 

144,915

 

 

 

136,298

 

 

6.3

%

 

 

426,396

 

 

 

406,217

 

 

5.0

%

Adjusted EBITDA expenses

 

 

77,281

 

 

 

86,007

 

 

(10.1

)%

 

 

244,912

 

 

 

260,381

 

 

(5.9

)%

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

67,634

 

 

$

50,291

 

 

34.5

%

 

$

181,484

 

 

$

145,836

 

 

24.4

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin %

 

 

46.7

%

 

 

36.9

%

 

 

 

 

42.6

%

 

 

35.9

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ESG and Climate

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

Operating revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recurring subscriptions

 

$

56,353

 

 

$

42,592

 

 

32.3

%

 

$

160,962

 

 

$

115,299

 

 

39.6

%

Non-recurring

 

 

1,242

 

 

 

1,099

 

 

13.0

%

 

 

3,790

 

 

 

2,450

 

 

54.7

%

Total operating revenues

 

 

57,595

 

 

 

43,691

 

 

31.8

%

 

 

164,752

 

 

 

117,749

 

 

39.9

%

Adjusted EBITDA expenses

 

 

41,685

 

 

 

33,871

 

 

23.1

%

 

 

122,418

 

 

 

97,164

 

 

26.0

%

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

15,910

 

 

$

9,820

 

 

62.0

%

 

$

42,334

 

 

$

20,585

 

 

105.7

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin %

 

 

27.6

%

 

 

22.5

%

 

 

 

 

25.7

%

 

 

17.5

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All Other - Private Assets

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

Operating revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recurring subscriptions

 

$

35,581

 

 

$

15,418

 

 

130.8

%

 

$

106,276

 

 

$

48,355

 

 

119.8

%

Non-recurring

 

 

308

 

 

 

189

 

 

63.0

%

 

 

1,018

 

 

 

1,424

 

 

(28.5

)%

Total operating revenues

 

 

35,889

 

 

 

15,607

 

 

130.0

%

 

 

107,294

 

 

 

49,779

 

 

115.5

%

Adjusted EBITDA expenses

 

 

24,439

 

 

 

14,710

 

 

66.1

%

 

 

77,475

 

 

 

37,004

 

 

109.4

%

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

11,450

 

 

$

897

 

 

n/m

 

 

$

29,819

 

 

$

12,775

 

 

133.4

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin %

 

 

31.9

%

 

 

5.7

%

 

 

 

 

27.8

%

 

 

25.7

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

Operating revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recurring subscriptions

 

$

420,216

 

 

$

357,640

 

 

17.5

%

 

$

1,227,025

 

 

$

1,043,502

 

 

17.6

%

Asset-based fees

 

 

125,620

 

 

 

141,745

 

 

(11.4

)%

 

 

402,889

 

 

 

404,593

 

 

(0.4

)%

Non-recurring

 

 

14,803

 

 

 

17,714

 

 

(16.4

)%

 

 

42,476

 

 

 

45,607

 

 

(6.9

)%

Operating revenues total

 

 

560,639

 

 

 

517,099

 

 

8.4

%

 

 

1,672,390

 

 

 

1,493,702

 

 

12.0

%

Adjusted EBITDA expenses

 

 

219,678

 

 

 

210,504

 

 

4.4

%

 

 

681,741

 

 

 

615,572

 

 

10.7

%

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

340,961

 

 

$

306,595

 

 

11.2

%

 

$

990,649

 

 

$

878,130

 

 

12.8

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin %

 

 

60.8

%

 

 

59.3

%

 

 

 

 

59.2

%

 

 

58.8

%

 

 

Operating margin %

 

 

55.2

%

 

 

54.2

%

 

 

 

 

53.7

%

 

 

53.0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n/m: not meaningful.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 6: Sales and Retention Rate by Segment (unaudited)(1)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

2022

 

2021

Index

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New recurring subscription sales

 

$

24,130

 

 

$

19,546

 

 

$

74,493

 

 

$

66,037

 

Subscription cancellations

 

 

(5,388

)

 

 

(6,203

)

 

 

(18,468

)

 

 

(18,192

)

Net new recurring subscription sales

 

$

18,742

 

 

$

13,343

 

 

$

56,025

 

 

$

47,845

 

Non-recurring sales

 

$

13,375

 

 

$

17,366

 

 

$

41,357

 

 

$

39,340

 

Total gross sales

 

$

37,505

 

 

$

36,912

 

 

$

115,850

 

 

$

105,377

 

Total Index net sales

 

$

32,117

 

 

$

30,709

 

 

$

97,382

 

 

$

87,185

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Index Retention Rate

 

 

96.9

%

 

 

96.0

%

 

 

96.5

%

 

 

96.1

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Analytics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New recurring subscription sales

 

$

17,568

 

 

$

15,889

 

 

$

50,391

 

 

$

44,381

 

Subscription cancellations

 

 

(6,029

)

 

 

(9,213

)

 

 

(22,523

)

 

 

(25,188

)

Net new recurring subscription sales

 

$

11,539

 

 

$

6,676

 

 

$

27,868

 

 

$

19,193

 

Non-recurring sales

 

$

2,505

 

 

$

2,377

 

 

$

8,412

 

 

$

8,123

 

Total gross sales

 

$

20,073

 

 

$

18,266

 

 

$

58,803

 

 

$

52,504

 

Total Analytics net sales

 

$

14,044

 

 

$

9,053

 

 

$

36,280

 

 

$

27,316

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Analytics Retention Rate

 

 

95.9

%

 

 

93.4

%

 

 

94.9

%

 

 

94.0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ESG and Climate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New recurring subscription sales

 

$

14,270

 

 

$

17,310

 

 

$

55,617

 

 

$

46,706

 

Subscription cancellations

 

 

(1,303

)

 

 

(1,338

)

 

 

(3,315

)

 

 

(3,636

)

Net new recurring subscription sales

 

$

12,967

 

 

$

15,972

 

 

$

52,302

 

 

$

43,070

 

Non-recurring sales

 

$

1,375

 

 

$

1,090

 

 

$

3,553

 

 

$

2,927

 

Total gross sales

 

$

15,645

 

 

$

18,400

 

 

$

59,170

 

 

$

49,633

 

Total ESG and Climate net sales

 

$

14,342

 

 

$

17,062

 

 

$

55,855

 

 

$

45,997

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ESG and Climate Retention Rate

 

 

97.4

%

 

 

96.1

%

 

 

97.8

%

 

 

96.5

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All Other - Private Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New recurring subscription sales

 

$

5,218

 

 

$

2,479

 

 

$

16,490

 

 

$

6,023

 

Subscription cancellations

 

 

(1,744

)

 

 

(1,296

)

 

 

(5,080

)

 

 

(2,881

)

Net new recurring subscription sales

 

$

3,474

 

 

$

1,183

 

 

$

11,410

 

 

$

3,142

 

Non-recurring sales

 

$

83

 

 

$

130

 

 

$

690

 

 

$

1,201

 

Total gross sales

 

$

5,301

 

 

$

2,609

 

 

$

17,180

 

 

$

7,224

 

Total All Other - Private Assets net sales

 

$

3,557

 

 

$

1,313

 

 

$

12,100

 

 

$

4,343

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All Other - Private Assets Retention Rate(2)

 

 

94.8

%

 

 

91.0

%

 

 

95.0

%

 

 

91.2

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New recurring subscription sales

 

$

61,186

 

 

$

55,224

 

 

$

196,991

 

 

$

163,147

 

Subscription cancellations

 

 

(14,464

)

 

 

(18,050

)

 

 

(49,386

)

 

 

(49,897

)

Net new recurring subscription sales

 

$

46,722

 

 

$

37,174

 

 

$

147,605

 

 

$

113,250

 

Non-recurring sales

 

$

17,338

 

 

$

20,963

 

 

$

54,012

 

 

$

51,591

 

Total gross sales

 

$

78,524

 

 

$

76,187

 

 

$

251,003

 

 

$

214,738

 

Total net sales

 

$

64,060

 

 

$

58,137

 

 

$

201,617

 

 

$

164,841

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Retention Rate

 

 

96.4

%

 

 

94.5

%

 

 

95.9

%

 

 

94.9

%

                                 

(1) See "Notes Regarding the Use of Operating Metrics" for details regarding the definition of new recurring subscription sales, subscription cancellations, net new recurring subscription sales, non-recurring sales, total gross sales, total net sales and Retention Rate.
(2) Retention rate for All Other – Private Assets excluding the impact of RCA was 95.7% and 95.8% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively.

 

Table 7: AUM in ETFs Linked to MSCI Equity Indexes (unaudited)(1)(2)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30

 

Dec. 31

 

Mar. 31

 

June 30

 

Sep. 30

 

Sep. 30

 

Sep. 30

In billions

 

2021

 

2021

 

2022

 

2022

 

2022

 

2021

 

2022

Beginning Period AUM in ETFs linked to

 

$

1,336.2

 

 

$

1,336.6

 

$

1,451.6

 

 

$

1,389.3

 

 

$

1,189.5

 

 

$

1,103.6

 

$

1,451.6

 

MSCI equity indexes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Market Appreciation/(Depreciation)

 

 

(30.7

)

 

 

56.5

 

 

(89.7

)

 

 

(207.3

)

 

 

(105.7

)

 

 

86.2

 

 

(402.7

)

Cash Inflows

 

 

31.1

 

 

 

58.5

 

 

27.4

 

 

 

7.5

 

 

 

(2.6

)

 

 

146.8

 

 

32.3

 

Period-End AUM in ETFs linked to

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MSCI equity indexes

 

$

1,336.6

 

 

$

1,451.6

 

$

1,389.3

 

 

$

1,189.5

 

 

$

1,081.2

 

 

$

1,336.6

 

$

1,081.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Period Average AUM in ETFs linked to

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MSCI equity indexes

 

$

1,361.9

 

 

$

1,414.8

 

$

1,392.5

 

 

$

1,285.4

 

 

$

1,208.9

 

 

$

1,274.5

 

$

1,295.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Period-End Basis Point Fee(3)

 

 

2.57

 

 

 

2.54

 

 

2.51

 

 

 

2.52

 

 

 

2.52

 

 

 

2.57

 

 

2.52

 

                                                     

(1) The historical values of the AUM in ETFs linked to our equity indexes as of the last day of the month and the monthly average balance can be found under the link “AUM in ETFs Linked to MSCI Equity Indexes” on our Investor Relations homepage at http://ir.msci.com. Information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference into this Press Release or any other report filed with the SEC. The AUM in ETFs also includes AUM in Exchange Traded Notes, the value of which is less than 1% of the AUM amounts presented.
(2) The value of AUM in ETFs linked to MSCI equity indexes is calculated by multiplying the equity ETFs net asset value by the number of shares outstanding.
(3) Based on period-end Run Rate for ETFs linked to MSCI equity indexes using period-end AUM.

Table 8: Run Rate by Segment and Type (unaudited)(1)

 

 

As of

 

 

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

%

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

Change

Index

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recurring subscriptions

 

$

750,818

 

$

667,023

 

12.6

%

Asset-based fees

 

 

479,399

 

 

550,230

 

(12.9

)%

Index Run Rate

 

 

1,230,217

 

 

1,217,253

 

1.1

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Analytics Run Rate

 

 

597,752

 

 

568,932

 

5.1

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ESG and Climate Run Rate

 

 

237,930

 

 

178,398

 

33.4

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All Other - Private Assets Run Rate

 

 

137,401

 

 

131,678

 

4.3

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Run Rate

 

$

2,203,300

 

$

2,096,261

 

5.1

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total recurring subscriptions

 

$

1,723,901

 

$

1,546,031

 

11.5

%

Total asset-based fees

 

 

479,399

 

 

550,230

 

(12.9

)%

Total Run Rate

 

$

2,203,300

 

$

2,096,261

 

5.1

%

                   

(1) See "Notes Regarding the Use of Operating Metrics" for details regarding the definition of Run Rate.

 

Table 9: Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income (unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

2022

 

2021

Index adjusted EBITDA

 

$

245,967

 

$

245,587

 

$

737,012

 

$

698,934

Analytics adjusted EBITDA

 

 

67,634

 

 

50,291

 

 

181,484

 

 

145,836

ESG and Climate adjusted EBITDA

 

 

15,910

 

 

9,820

 

 

42,334

 

 

20,585

All Other - Private Assets adjusted EBITDA

 

 

11,450

 

 

897

 

 

29,819

 

 

12,775

Consolidated adjusted EBITDA

 

 

340,961

 

 

306,595

 

 

990,649

 

 

878,130

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

23,375

 

 

14,105

 

 

67,274

 

 

59,569

Depreciation and amortization of property, equipment and leasehold improvements

 

 

7,127

 

 

6,809

 

 

20,426

 

 

20,972

Acquisition-related integration and transaction costs(1)

 

 

928

 

 

5,451

 

 

4,059

 

 

5,451

Operating income

 

 

309,531

 

 

280,230

 

 

898,890

 

 

792,138

Other expense (income), net

 

 

40,327

 

 

79,580

 

 

120,711

 

 

179,765

Provision for income taxes

 

 

52,612

 

 

30,774

 

 

122,577

 

 

80,255

Net income

 

$

216,592

 

$

169,876

 

$

655,602

 

$

532,118

                         

(1) Incremental and non-recurring costs attributable to acquisitions directly related to the execution of the transaction and integration of the acquired business that have occurred no later than 12 months after the close of the transaction.

Table 10: Reconciliation of Net Income and Diluted EPS to Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted EPS (unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

In thousands, except per share data

 

 

2022

 

 

 

2021

 

 

 

2022

 

 

 

2021

 

Net income

 

$

216,592

 

 

$

169,876

 

 

$

655,602

 

 

$

532,118

 

Plus: Amortization of acquired intangible assets and equity method investment basis difference

 

 

16,811

 

 

 

10,792

 

 

 

50,564

 

 

 

29,915

 

Plus: Acquisition-related integration and transaction costs(1)(2)

 

 

928

 

 

 

5,451

 

 

 

4,220

 

 

 

5,451

 

Plus: Debt extinguishment costs associated with the 2025 and 2026 Senior Notes Redemptions

 

 

 —

 

 

 

37,312

 

 

 

 —

 

 

 

59,104

 

Plus: Write-off of internally developed capitalized software

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,013

 

Less: Income tax effect

 

 

(3,537

)

 

 

(12,143

)

 

 

(8,630

)

 

 

(21,966

)

Adjusted net income

 

$

230,794

 

 

$

211,288

 

 

$

701,756

 

 

$

620,635

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted EPS

 

$

2.68

 

 

$

2.03

 

 

$

8.05

 

 

$

6.38

 

Plus: Amortization of acquired intangible assets and equity method investment basis difference

 

 

0.21

 

 

 

0.13

 

 

 

0.62

 

 

 

0.36

 

Plus: Acquisition-related integration and transaction costs(1)(2)

 

 

0.01

 

 

 

0.07

 

 

 

0.05

 

 

 

0.07

 

Plus: Debt extinguishment costs associated with the 2025 and 2026 Senior Notes Redemptions

 

 

 

 

 

0.45

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.71

 

Plus: Write-off of internally developed capitalized software

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.19

 

Less: Income tax effect

 

 

(0.05

)

 

 

(0.15

)

 

 

(0.11

)

 

 

(0.27

)

Adjusted EPS

 

$

2.85

 

 

$

2.53

 

 

$

8.61

 

 

$

7.44

 

                 

(1) Acquisition-related integration and transaction costs of $0.9 million and $4.1 million are presented within "General and administrative" expenses and $0 million and $0.2 million are presented within "Depreciation and amortization of property, equipment and leasehold improvements" expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively.
(2) Incremental and non-recurring costs attributable to acquisitions directly related to the execution of the transaction and integration of the acquired business that have occurred no later than 12 months after the close of the transaction.

 

Table 11: Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA Expenses to Operating Expenses (unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

Full-Year

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

2022

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

2022

 

2021

 

Outlook(1)

Index adjusted EBITDA expenses

 

$

76,273

 

$

75,916

 

$

236,936

 

$

221,023

 

 

Analytics adjusted EBITDA expenses

 

 

77,281

 

 

86,007

 

 

244,912

 

 

260,381

 

 

ESG and Climate adjusted EBITDA expenses

 

 

41,685

 

 

33,871

 

 

122,418

 

 

97,164

 

 

All Other - Private Assets adjusted EBITDA expenses

 

 

24,439

 

 

14,710

 

 

77,475

 

 

37,004

 

 

Consolidated adjusted EBITDA expenses

 

 

219,678

 

 

210,504

 

 

681,741

 

 

615,572

 

$910,000 - $940,000

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

23,375

 

 

14,105

 

 

67,274

 

 

59,569

 

 

Depreciation and amortization of property,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$110,000 - $120,000

equipment and leasehold improvements

 

 

7,127

 

 

6,809

 

 

20,426

 

 

20,972

 

 

Acquisition-related integration and transaction costs(2)

 

 

928

 

 

5,451

 

 

4,059

 

 

5,451

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

$

251,108

 

$

236,869

 

$

773,500

 

$

701,564

 

$1,030,000 - $1,060,000

 
 (1) We have not provided a full line-item reconciliation for adjusted EBITDA expenses to total operating expenses for this future period because we are not able to provide guidance on the individual reconciling items between total operating expenses and adjusted EBITDA expenses. We believe the impact and timing of these potential future items are inherently uncertain and difficult to predict and are unavailable without unreasonable efforts.
(2) Incremental and non-recurring costs attributable to acquisitions directly related to the execution of the transaction and integration of the acquired business that have occurred no later than 12 months after the close of the transaction.
 

Table 12: Reconciliation of Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities to Free Cash Flow (unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

Full-Year

 

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

Sep. 30,

 

2022

In thousands

 

2022

 

2021

 

2022

 

2021

 

Outlook(1)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

$

323,069

 

 

$

215,891

 

 

$

779,942

 

 

$

656,405

 

 

$1,100,000 - $1,140,000

Capital expenditures

 

 

(3,275

)

 

 

(4,646

)

 

 

(8,012

)

 

 

(7,119

)

 

 

Capitalized software development costs

 

 

(14,726

)

 

 

(10,141

)

 

 

(44,425

)

 

 

(29,078

)

 

 

Capex

 

 

(18,001

)

 

 

(14,787

)

 

 

(52,437

)

 

 

(36,197

)

 

($75,000 - $65,000)

Free cash flow

 

$

305,068

 

 

$

201,104

 

 

$

727,505

 

 

$

620,208

 

 

$1,025,000 - $1,075,000

                                     

(1) We have not provided a line-item reconciliation for free cash flow to net cash from operating activities for this future period because we do not provide guidance on the individual reconciling items between net cash from operating activities and free cash flow. We believe the impact and timing of these potential future items are inherently uncertain and difficult to predict and are unavailable without unreasonable efforts.

 

Table 13: Third Quarter 2022 Reconciliation of Operating Revenue Growth to Organic Operating Revenue Growth (unaudited)

 

 

Comparison of the Three Months Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021

 

 

Total

 

Recurring
Subscription

 

Asset-Based Fees

 

Non-Recurring
Revenues

Index

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

Operating revenue growth

 

0.2

%

 

12.2

%

 

(11.4

)%

 

(23.2

)%

Impact of acquisitions and divestitures

 

%

 

%

 

%

 

%

Impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations

 

0.5

%

 

0.7

%

 

0.2

%

 

(0.2

)%

Organic operating revenue growth

 

0.7

%

 

12.9

%

 

(11.2

)%

 

(23.4

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

Recurring
Subscription

 

Asset-Based Fees

 

Non-Recurring
Revenues

Analytics

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

Operating revenue growth

 

6.3

%

 

6.3

%

 

%

 

9.4

%

Impact of acquisitions and divestitures

 

%

 

%

 

%

 

%

Impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations

 

1.2

%

 

1.1

%

 

%

 

6.4

%

Organic operating revenue growth

 

7.5

%

 

7.4

%

 

%

 

15.8

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

Recurring
Subscription

 

Asset-Based Fees

 

Non-Recurring
Revenues

ESG and Climate

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

Operating revenue growth

 

31.8

%

 

32.3

%

 

%

 

13.0

%

Impact of acquisitions and divestures

 

%

 

%

 

%

 

%

Impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations

 

14.4

%

 

14.6

%

 

%

 

8.6

%

Organic operating revenue growth

 

46.2

%

 

46.9

%

 

%

 

21.6

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

Recurring
Subscription

 

Asset-Based Fees

 

Non-Recurring
Revenues

All Other - Private Assets

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

Operating revenue growth

 

130.0

%

 

130.8

%

 

%

 

63.0

%

Impact of acquisitions and divestures

 

(116.1

)%

 

(117.5

)%

 

%

 

%

Impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations

 

16.7

%

 

16.7

%

 

%

 

13.7

%

Organic operating revenue growth

 

30.6

%

 

30.0

%

 

%

 

76.7

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

Recurring
Subscription

 

Asset-Based Fees

 

Non-Recurring
Revenues

Consolidated

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

Operating revenue growth

 

8.4

%

 

17.5

%

 

(11.4

)%

 

(16.4

)%

Impact of acquisitions and divestitures

 

(3.5

)%

 

(5.1

)%

 

%

 

%

Impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations

 

2.3

%

 

3.2

%

 

0.2

%

 

1.3

%

Organic operating revenue growth

 

7.2

%

 

15.6

%

 

(11.2

)%

 

(15.1

)%

 

Table 14: Nine Months 2022 Reconciliation of Operating Revenue Growth to Organic Operating Revenue Growth (unaudited)

 

 

Comparison of the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021

 

 

Total

 

Recurring
Subscription

 

Asset-Based Fees

 

Non-Recurring
Revenues

Index

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

Operating revenue growth

 

5.9

%

 

12.3

%

 

(0.4

)%

 

(10.2

)%

Impact of acquisitions and divestitures

 

%

 

%

 

%

 

%

Impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations

 

0.3

%

 

0.5

%

 

0.2

%

 

%

Organic operating revenue growth

 

6.2

%

 

12.8

%

 

(0.2

)%

 

(10.2

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

Recurring
Subscription

 

Asset-Based Fees

 

Non-Recurring
Revenues

Analytics

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

Operating revenue growth

 

5.0

%

 

5.2

%

 

%

 

(7.4

)%

Impact of acquisitions and divestitures

 

%

 

%

 

%

 

%

Impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations

 

0.8

%

 

0.8

%

 

%

 

3.7

%

Organic operating revenue growth

 

5.8

%

 

6.0

%

 

%

 

(3.7

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

Recurring
Subscription

 

Asset-Based Fees

 

Non-Recurring
Revenues

ESG and Climate

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

Operating revenue growth

 

39.9

%

 

39.6

%

 

%

 

54.7

%

Impact of acquisitions and divestures

 

%

 

%

 

%

 

%

Impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations

 

9.5

%

 

9.5

%

 

%

 

7.6

%

Organic operating revenue growth

 

49.4

%

 

49.1

%

 

%

 

62.3

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

Recurring
Subscription

 

Asset-Based Fees

 

Non-Recurring
Revenues

All Other - Private Assets

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

Operating revenue growth

 

115.5

%

 

119.8

%

 

%

 

(28.5

)%

Impact of acquisitions and divestures

 

(115.8

)%

 

(119.3

)%

 

%

 

%

Impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations

 

12.0

%

 

12.2

%

 

%

 

4.4

%

Organic operating revenue growth

 

11.7

%

 

12.7

%

 

%

 

(24.1

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

Recurring
Subscription

 

Asset-Based Fees

 

Non-Recurring
Revenues

Consolidated

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

 

Change
Percentage

Operating revenue growth

 

12.0

%

 

17.6

%

 

(0.4

)%

 

(6.9

)%

Impact of acquisitions and divestitures

 

(3.9

)%

 

(5.5

)%

 

%

 

%

Impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations

 

1.6

%

 

2.1

%

 

0.2

%

 

1.1

%

Organic operating revenue growth

 

9.7

%

 

14.2

%

 

(0.2

)%

 

(5.8

)%

 

MSCI Inc.
Investor Inquiries
jeremy.ulan@msci.com
Jeremy Ulan +1 646 778 4184
jisoo.suh@msci.com
Jisoo Suh + 1 917 825 7111

Media Inquiries
PR@msci.com
Sam Wang +1 212 804 5244
Melanie Blanco +1 212 981 1049
Rachel Lai + 852 2844 9315

Source: MSCI Inc.